What is the full form of CBD
CBD stands for Common Bile Duct. The cystic duct and common hepatic duct combine to form the common bile duct (CBD), sometimes known as the bile duct. The common bile duct is a tube that passes through the pancreas and delivers bile up into the upper portion of the small intestine from the liver and gallbladder. The common hepatic duct from the liver, the gallbladder, and the cystic duct combine to form this biliary duct. It is created when the common hepatic duct and cystic duct combine, and it joins the pancreatic duct at its terminus to form the ampulla of Vater. The sphincter of Oddi controls how much bile enters the small intestine from the ampulla of Vater. Newly produced bile from the liver is compelled into storage in the gallbladder when the sphincter of Oddi closes. When the bile is released, it enters the duodenum where it assists in digestion while being combined with pancreatic secretions. The common bile duct’s primary job is to transport bile.
It is not possible to determine with certainty in ultrasound imaging where the cystic duct connects to the common hepatic duct to produce the common bile duct (CBD). Therefore, the term “common duct” is used to refer to both the common hepatic and common bile ducts (CD). The tiny channel created by the union of the pancreatic and common bile ducts is referred to as the common duct in Gray’s Anatomy.
Gross and Ultrasound Anatomy
In adults, the internal diameter of the CBD is about 6-7 mm, and its length is roughly 8 cm. Near the ampulla of Vater, it joins the pancreatic duct, which subsequently empties into the second section of the duodenum via the main duodenal papilla.
It is significant that for many years, the CHD (Chronic Hepatic Disorder) was mistakenly referred to as CBD in radiological literature. Because of this, the commonly used normal value of 6 mm for adults (measured by ultrasonography, usually from the inner aspect of the wall to the inner aspect of the wall) usually relates to CHD. The porta hepatis, which is often parallel and anterior to the portal vein, is the optimum place to measure the CHD while the patient is fasting. 7 mm has lately been proposed by some researchers as the ideal cut-off.
Since the diameter of the actual CBD is much more variable, it is challenging to determine a trustworthy cut-off value. Ultrasonography usually detects it more inferiorly after it has left the porta and is moving in the direction of the pancreas.
- The right hepatic artery and cystic artery, which are visible from above, supply blood to the common bile duct.
- The arteries coming from below; posterior superior pancreaticoduodenal, retroduodenal, and retroportal arteries.
Bile travels in the following sequence:
- The bile created by the liver cells is collected by a network of ducts that leave the liver through the right and left hepatic ducts.
- These channels finally discharge into the same hepatic duct.
- When the common hepatic duct and the cystic duct from the gallbladder converge, they form the common bile duct. This relates to the duodenum and liver (the first section of the small intestine).
- However, not all bile travels straight to the duodenum. About 50 percent of the bile is produced in the liver and first stored in the gallbladder. This pear-shaped organ is located beneath the liver.
- Following a meal, the gallbladder contracts and releases stored bile into the duodenum to aid in the body’s breakdown of fats.
The function of the Biliary System
Some of the biliary system’s key responsibilities include the following:
- To let the duodenum receive the liver’s waste products.
- To allow the controlled release of bile, which aids in digesting.
- Bile, a greenish-yellow fluid comprised of cholesterol, waste, and bile salts, is secreted by the liver cells for two main reasons:
To eliminate waste from the body
To digest lipids while breaking them down
Bile salt is a chemical that actually facilitates the breakdown and absorption of lipids. Bile, which the body excretes in the form of faeces, gives faeces their dark brown colour.
For Videos Join Our Youtube Channel: Join Now
Help Others, Please Share
Learn Latest Tutorials
B.Tech / MCA
JavaTpoint offers too many high quality services. Mail us on h[email protected], to get more information about given services.
- Website Designing
- Website Development
- Java Development
- PHP Development
- Graphic Designing
- Digital Marketing
- On Page and Off Page SEO
- Content Development
- Corporate Training
- Classroom and Online Training
- Data Entry
Training For College Campus
JavaTpoint offers college campus training on Core Java, Advance Java, .Net, Android, Hadoop, PHP, Web Technology and Python. Please mail your requirement at [email protected].
Duration: 1 week to 2 week
Like/Subscribe us for latest updates or newsletter